“There are two novels that can change a bookish fourteen-year old’s life: The Lord of the Rings and Atlas Shrugged. One is a childish fantasy that often engenders a lifelong obsession with its unbelievable heroes, leading to an emotionally stunted, socially crippled adulthood, unable to deal with the real world. The other, of course, involves orcs.” -- Paul Krugman
Ironically, a lot of the people I know who enjoyed the Lord of the Rings
went on to have a lifetime love of learning and an interest in history or
mythology. That seems to be a positive social good, despite the very
reactionary message of the book (Michael Moorcock rightly notes that a lot of
the book is mourning for the loss of a more innocent age due to the industrial
revolution). But I think what makes it work to motivate people is the message
that the actions of everyone (even the little people) count -- a message that
was perhaps over-hyped in the films.
In contrast, Atlas shrugged is an extreme example of the great man theory of
history. The special and gifted people
carry society forward, eternally on watch for the parasites that comprise the
One brings people together and the other tears them apart. It’s an important difference.
EDIT: See the comments... it looks like I mis-attributed this quote. Sorry, all
Paul Krugman on productivity stagnation
1 hour ago